l. SOCIOLOGY OF KNOWLEDGE
Executive and Members
In Evian, September 1966, the Research Committee of Knowledge as such participated for the first time in a world congress: VI World Congress of Sociology. 19 papers were presented at its sessions and the authors came from 12 countries: USA (6), Argentina (2), France (2), Canada (1), Denmark (1), FRG (1), Hungary (1), Israel (1), Italy (1), Poland (1), and UK (1).
The second and last participation of this Research Committee in a world congress was in Varna (1970) at the VII World Congress of Sociology. The Committee held two scientific meetings on "Society and Consciousness" where 18 contributions from various countries were discussed: USA (4), Bulgaria (3), Canada (2), France (2), UK (2), Argentina (1), Denmark (1), Italy (1), The Netherlands (1) and Romania (1).
The Research Committee was discontinued by the Executive Committee of the ISA in April 1972, after a long period of inactivity and the resignation of its president, Kurt Wolff. In a letter dated February 21st, 1972, Kurt Wolff resigned stating that "the job has been, especially since Varna, far more a source of frustration than of gratification", and that it proved very difficult for him to communicate with members and to raise a relevant project of international activity.
Vol. II: contains a report on the discussion written by Kurt H. WolffVol. IV: "The Sociology of Knowledge" contains an editorial note by Kurt H. Wolff, 6 papers presented at the Congress, and the discussion.
Vol. IV: contains 3 papers, "Introduction" by Kurt H. Wolff, and the reports on the Committee's two sessions.
Vol. IV: contains 3 papers presented at the Congress.
II. SOCIOLOGY OF MASS COMMUNICATION
It seems that the first paper on mass communication problems ever presented at a world congress of sociology was Alphons Silbermann's "Sociological Aspects of Radio Music" submitted at the II World Congress of Sociology, Liege (Belgium), August 1953. Six years later, during the IV World Congress of Sociology (Milano and Stressa, 1959), a section was devoted to "Application of Sociological Knowledge to Mass Communication".
Executive and Members
In 1959 the Committee had 15 members coming from France (4), USA (4), Italy (2), UK (2), Belgium (1), FRG (1) and Poland (1). Its first president was George Friedmann (France), and since 1961 the secretary was Edgar Morin (France). There were no substantial changes in the national composition of the Committee during its first years of existence.
The ISA data indicate that in August 1974 the Committee's membership was 24 persons from 14 countries: USA (6), Canada (3), Belgium (2), Italy (2), Switzerland (2), Denmark (1), Finland (1), Ghana (1), Hungary (1), Korea (1), México (1), The Netherlands (1), Sweden (1) and Yugoslavia (1).
At the VI World Congress of Sociology (Evian, September 1966), 13 papers were presented by scholars coming from: USA (4), Belgium (2), Czechoslovakia (1), FRG (1), France (1), Hungary (1), Italy (1), Poland (1) and The Netherlands (1). At the business meeting of the Research Committee, the board decided to concentrate the Committee's activities on an international research project on "Youth and Mass Communication".
Although the international research project had a very good start, it could not be continued due to the lack of funds. Many national teams had to renounce for financial reasons, other teams pursued with partial research projects and the results were presented at the VII World Congress of Sociology (Varna 1970).
In 1969 the Committee modified radically its way of working. There was developed a minimal program of basic activities (soliciting participation of scientists and institutions, publication of a bulletin, focusing on major research in the field of sociology of mass communication) which would lead to the development of more complex projects.
An international conference on "Ideology and Structure of the Criticism in the Mass Media" was held in Barcelona (Spain) on June 30 - July 3, 1976. It was co-sponsored by the Research Committee and the Spanish Association ANCHE. Two main subjects were discussed: (1) The influence of personal and group ideology on critical practice; (2) Analysis of structures in journalistic practice. Members of the Committee actively participated in the X General Assembly and Scientific Conference on "Mass Media and Man's View of Society" which was organized by the International Association for Mass Communication Research (IAMCR) on August 30 - September 4, 1976, in Leicester (UK).
On October 20-22, 1977, a preparatory meeting for the IX World Congress of Sociology was held in Trento (Italy). Two subjects were dealt with: (1) Inventory and prospects in mass media research, (2) Organization and creativity in mass communication. The meeting was attended by over 40 scholars from various, mainly European, countries.
An international conference on "Popular Alternatives to the Mass Media" was held on May 24-29, 1978, in Cambrils and Barcelona (Spain). The meeting was cosponsored by the Research Committee and three Spanish institutions: Facultad de Ciencias de la Informacion de la Universidad de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias de la Informacion de la Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona, Centro de Investigaciones Sociologicas de Madrid.
During the IX World Congress of Sociology, Uppsala 1978, the Research Committee was engaged in the following activities:
The International Society for the Sociology of Knowledge also sponsored a series of sessions on Sociology of Knowledge during the IX World Congress of Sociology.
Two international comparative studies were launched by the Committee in 1978: (1) "Prestige Press, Ideology and Public Opinion" involving France, United Kingdom, German Federal Republic, Italy and Spain; (2) "Sociology of Sociological Knowledge".
The Research Committee co-sponsored with the Research Committee on Sociology of Leisure an international conference on "Popular Culture" held on April 23-25, 1980 in Trois-Rivieres, Québec (Canada). The Committee was responsible for organizing two working groups: "National Cultures and Popular Cultures" and "Popular and Counter-Culture".
The Board and many members of the Committee took part in the World Congress of the International Association of Mass Communication Research (IAMCR), during the last days of August 1980, in Caracas (Venezuela), on the theme "New Structures of International Comunication? The Role of Research".
In 1981 the Committee launched a project on "Press and Public Opinion". It gave an incentive to a symposium on "Ideology, Mass Media and the Production of Reality" organized by the Committee at the X World Congress of Sociology (Mexico 1982).
In the same year, 1981, the Committee coordinated a project on "TV News and Production of Reality" which involved working teams from 16 countries: Canada, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Israel, Morocco, Mexico, The Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, Spain, Tunisia, UK, USA, and Yugoslavia. The results of this study were presented during the International Festival of TV Information, October 1984.
For the X World Congress of Sociology, Mexico 1962, the following sessions were coordinated by Tamas Szecsko (Hungary) and José Vidal Beneyto (Spain):
The average attendance was high; this was due partly to the participation of a good number of Latin American researchers as Spanish was also being used as a working language. Altogether over 90 papers were presented and discussed.
The Symposium on "Ideology, Mass Media and the Production of Reality" which the Committee organized at the Congress, created a lot of interest among participants. It was based on two international comparative researches that the Committee is carrying on in 18 countries on press and TV news. Around 200 persons attended the Symposium.
A new working group on Political Communication was launched at the World Congress of International Political Science Association in 1982, during the sessions dedicated to the topic of communication which were attended by many members of the Research Committee. This has been followed up in Mexico, and as a consequence so me national groups on political communication have been created in several countries.
In cooperation with UNESCO, Claudio Aguirre-Bianchi (Sweden), co-secretary of the Committee, launched in 1983 an international study on "The New World Information and Communication Order (NOMIC)". Seven working teams were set to analyze 20 special cases described in 250 newspapers in 49 countries.
In 1983 Peter Dahlgren, co-secretary of the Committee, with J. M. Barbero, L. Henny and A. Lamberti initiated a research project on TV serials/"soap operas". In January 1984 the Committee organized in Madrid (Spain) a methodological seminar on "Etude des Feuilletons Télévisés: DalIas" which was attended by 27 participants from 10 countries.
In 1982 the Committee launched publication of a seriesDocuments de Travail du CKC. So far the following volumes have appeared: